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Who was Lazaro Cárdenas?
Lázaro Cárdenas was born in Jiquilpan, Michoacán, on May 21 1895. His father died while he was still young, and he later went to work at a print shop and in the Tax Office of his home town. In 1913, he joined the Revolution in Apatzingán, under the command of General Guillermo García. In 1914, he was promoted to the rank of captain and, one year later, became lieutenant colonel. Cárdenas would later become one of the closest followers of Sonoran leader Plutarco Elís Calles. With Calles' support, Cárdenas rose up through the ranks, until he finally became a general and fought in several battles. He gave his support to the Plan of Agua Prieta, which opposed President Carranza. From 1928 to 1930, he was Governor of the state of Michoacán, where he implemented the political and social policies he would later apply to the entire country.

In 1934, Lázaro Cárdenas became President of Mexico: "Due to my experience as Governor of Michoacán, I am convinced that the good intentions of a ruler are simply not enough, and that the collective factor represented by the workers is indispensable . The Mexican people are no longer inspired by hollow slogans such as freedom of conscience, economic freedom".

Cárdenas applied the social provisions of the 1917 Constitution. This became clear when Articles 27 and 127 were enforced for the first time. The first of these articles governs national ownership of the land, mines and natural resources, while the latter focuses on improving the conditions of peasants and workers. These goals were attained by the oil expropriation and by the distribution of land, as well as through better legislation to ensure respect for workers' rights.


Làzaro Càrdenas naciò en Jiquilpan, Michoacàn, el 21 de mayo de 1895. Huèrfano de padre, trabajò en una imprenta y enla Oficina de Rentas de su pueblo natal. En 1913 se incorporò a la revoluciòn en Apatzingàn con las fuerzas del general Guillermo Garcìa. En 1914 alcanzò el grado de capitàn y un año despuès, el de teniente coronel. Se volviò uno de los discìpulos màs allegados del sonorense Plutarco Elìas Calles. A su lado alcanzò los màs altos puestos militares, llegando a general, y combatiò en varias batallas. Apoyò el Plan de Agua Prieta, que desconocìa al presidente Carranza. Alcanzò la gubertanura para el perìodo de 1928 a 1930 en Michoacàn, donde puso en marcha la estrategias polìticas y sociales que realizarìan posteriormente en toda la Repùblica Mexicana.

En 1934 llegò a la presidencia: "Estoy convencido por mi experiencia como gobernador de Michoacàn, que no basta la buena intenciòn del mandatario es indispensable el factor colectivo que representan los trabajadores. Al pueblo de Mèxico ya no lo sugestionan las frases huecas: libertad de conciencia libertad econòmica".

Càrdenas se encargò de llevar a la pràctica las preocupaciones sociales de la Constituciòn de 1917. Esto quedarìa claro al ser aplicados por primera vez hasta sus ùltimas consecuencias los artìculos 27 y 127, referidos a la propiedad de la Naciòn sobre las tierras, minas y recursos naturales, y a lograr mejores condiciones para campesinos y obreros, lo cual se consiguiò mediante la expropiaciòn petrolera y la reparticiòn de tierra, asì como por medio de mejores legislaciones para que se respetaran los derechos obreros.